Tropical Cyclone Pam leaves trail of destruction in South Pacific

  • Wildfire - N of Comandante Fontana, Formosa - Argentina

    6 minutes ago WATCH

  • Wildfire - SE of Samaipata, Santa Cruz - Bolivia

    6 minutes ago INFORMATION

  • Earthquake - 4.9 - 4km NE of Westmorland, CA

    1 hour ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - W of Ariquemes, Rondnia - Brazil

    7 minutes ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - E of San Bernardino (EL Dorado), California - United States

    9 minutes ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - Plumas and Lassen Counties (North Complex), California, United States

    9 minutes ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - Monterey County (Dolan Fire), California, United States

    9 minutes ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - Mendocino County (August Complex), California, United States

    9 minutes ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - Shasta County (Zogg Fire), California, United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - NE of Santa Rosa (Glass Fire), California - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Earthquake - 5.0 - 34 km ENE of Yilan, Taiwan

    8 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - Carbon County (Mullen Fire), Wyoming, United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - NE of Arcata (Red Salmon Complex), California - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - E of Visalia (SQF Complex), California - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfires - Larimer County (Cameron Peak Fire), Colorado, United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - NE of Fresno (Creek Fire), California - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Earthquake - 6.4 - 37 km NNE of Pangai, Tonga

    1 hour ago WATCH

  • Volcano - Sangay, Ecuador

    36 minutes ago WARNING

  • Flood - Lake Charles, LA Region, United States

    1 hour ago WARNING

  • Flood - Oakdale, LA Region, United States

    1 hour ago WARNING

  • Tsunami (AK/BC/US West Coast) - near the Tonga Islands - 6.7

    1 hour ago INFORMATION

  • Tsunami (Hawaiian Islands) - Tonga - 6.7

    1 hour ago INFORMATION

  • Tsunami (Pacific Ocean) - Tonga - 6.7

    1 hour ago INFORMATION

  • Flood - Florence, SC Region, United States

    1 hour ago WARNING

  • Volcano - Dukono, Indonesia

    2 hours ago WATCH

  • Wildfire - N of Makhachkala, Dagestan - Russia

    2 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Volcano - Popocatepetl, Mexico

    2 hours ago WARNING

  • Volcano - Sabancaya, Peru

    2 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - NE of Lehututu, Kgalagadi - Botswana

    2 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - NE of Lehututu, Kgalagadi - Botswana

    2 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - W of Nokaneng, North-West - Botswana

    2 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - S of Rundu, Kavango - Namibia

    2 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - NE of Grootfontein, Otjozondjupa - Namibia

    2 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - S of Puerto Quijarro, Santa Cruz - Bolivia

    3 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - E of Barreiras, Bahia - Brazil

    3 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - E of Gurupi, Tocantins - Brazil

    3 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - S of Balsas, Maranho - Brazil

    3 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - S of Floriano, Piau - Brazil

    3 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Wildfire - NW of Rio Cuarto, Crdoba - Argentina

    3 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - North America

    2 months ago WARNING

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - Hawaii

    2 months ago WARNING

  • Earthquake - 5.3 - 75 km ENE of Bacolod, Philippines

    4 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Hurricane - Marie

    6 hours ago INFORMATION

  • Volcano - Reventador, Ecuador

    5 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - NW of Villa Carlos Paz, Crdoba - Argentina

    6 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Storms - Hong Kong

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Floods - Bangladesh

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Floods - Southwestern Scotland, United Kingdom

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Floods - Southwestern England, United Kingdom

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Storms - Southern Brazil

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Floods - Ibanda, Uganda

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Floods - Sudan

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Floods - Pakistan

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Floods - India

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Drought - Dominican Republic

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - E of Crescent City (Slater and Devil Fires), California - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - N of Scottsdale (Sears Fire), Arizona - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - E of Springfield (Holiday Farm Fire), Oregon - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfires - Siskiyou County (Fox Fire), California, United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - NE of Pasadena (Bobcat Fire),, California - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - E of Salem (Beachie Creek Lions Head Complex), Oregon - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Earthquake - 5.3 - 103 km NW of Port-Vila, Vanuatu

    6 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Wildfire - E of Roseburg (Archie Creek Fire), Oregon - United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Midwestern United States

    6 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Northeastern United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Northwestern United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Southwestern United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Southern United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - High Plains United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Hawaii, United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Marshall Islands

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Drought - Micronesia

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Storms - Peninsular Malaysia

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Storms - Eastern Malaysia

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Landslides - Nunukan Regency, North Kalimantan, Indonesia

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Floods - Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Flood - Smithfield, NC Region, United States

    7 hours ago WARNING

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - Asia Pacific

    2 months ago WARNING

  • Wildfire - Douglas County (Thielsen Fire), Oregon, United States

    9 hours ago WARNING

  • Wildfires - Clackamas County (Riverside Fire), Oregon, United States

    9 hours ago WARNING

  • Earthquake - 5.1 - 93 km NNW of Hihifo, Tonga

    9 hours ago ADVISORY

  • Flood - Wauchula, FL Region, United States

    11 hours ago WARNING

  • Volcano - Semeru, Indonesia

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Storms - Eastern Peru

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo

    3 months ago WARNING

  • Floods - Guatemala

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Storms - Western Peru

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Floods - Northern Vietnam

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Floods - Kachin, Myanmar

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Tornado - Medan City, North Sumatra, Indonesia

    2 days ago INFORMATION

  • Volcano - Ibu, Indonesia

    1 day ago WATCH

  • Volcano - Fuego, Guatemala

    1 day ago WARNING

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - Africa

    2 months ago WARNING

  • Floods - Ashanti, Ghana

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Floods - Chad

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Floods - White Nile, South Sudan

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - Europe

    2 months ago WARNING

  • Storms - Italy

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Storms - Mexico

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Extreme Heat - Northern Mexico

    2 days ago WARNING

  • Volcano - Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia

    4 days ago WARNING

  • Volcano - Etna, Italy

    4 days ago WARNING

  • Chikungunya - Chad

    6 days ago WARNING

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - Latin America/Caribbean

    2 months ago WARNING

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - Middle East

    2 months ago WARNING

VIEW ALL HAZARDS
March 16, 2015

On the evening of March 13 (local time), Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam tore through the South Pacific Island nation of Vanuatu with destructive winds that flattened homes and knocked out communication. Heavy rainfall and storm surge caused widespread flooding and washed away roads and bridges, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) situational report.

As a category 5 cyclone, TC Pam severely affected the nation’s capital of Port Vila, located on Efate Island in Shefa Province, which is the only province at this stage to be officially declared in a State of Emergency. As of Monday, March 16 (local time), UNOCHA reports that the National Disaster Management Office has confirmed 24 fatalities so far as well as 3,300 people displaced and sheltering in 37 evacuation centers in Torba and Penama Provinces, and on Efate Island. These figures are expected to rise once communication is re-established with the nation’s outer islands.

Vanuatu’s President Baldwin Lonsdale appealed for international support in the wake of the nation’s “unprecedented damage,” reporting that “more than 90 percent of the buildings have been destroyed,” on the island of Efate. The Thomson Reuters Foundation has a summary report, but individual detailed news updates issued by the Government of Vanuatu are being posted on to ReliefWeb, as well. Of grave concern is the unknown impact to the outer islands, as disaster management officials and relief workers struggle to establish contact.

The UNOCHA Vanuatu Humanitarian Team (VHT) is supporting the Government-led response, according to OCHA’s “Vanuatu: Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam Situation Report No. 1,” and has agreed that evacuation centers, assessments, relief distribution, and shelter are the main priorities. Additionally, a UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination team arrived in Port Vila with personnel from OCHA’s Regional Office of the Pacific to support the coordination of incoming humanitarian assistance. Despite damage to the airport, commercial aircraft have resumed flights to Port Vila. UNOCHA also notes that water and electrical service are being rapidly restored in the capital.

The Asian Development Banks reports (ABD) that before reaching Vanuatu, Pam had already caused damage in some neighboring countries in the region including Tuvalu, Kiribati, and Solomon Islands. The Government of Tuvalu declared a State of Emergency on March 13, after tidal surges caused by Cyclone Pam to the southwest washed away houses and crops (RNZI). Tropical Cyclone Pam, as described by the New Zealand MetService (NZ Met), is now a low pressure system, still capable of generating heavy rainfall and gale force winds. The last interaction of Pam with inhabited land is expected to be in the Chatham Islands. “Damaging gales, rain and heavy swells [in the Chatham Islands] are expected to last through into Wednesday evening” local time.

Pacific Disaster Center continues to support disaster response operations for this event, and provide decision support information and products via DisasterAWARE EMOPS (Emergency Operations) application for disaster managers and humanitarian practitioners. If you are an emergency manager or humanitarian practitioner and would like access to EMOPS, please request access here.

For more information on the impacts of Tropical Cyclone Pam:
• Look at the latest UNOCHA situation report, and
• Visit Relief web for additional sources and links. 

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