Typhoon Melor Impacts the Philippines, New Tropical Depression Forms
Upon forming in the northwestern Pacific Ocean early December 11 (local time), Tropical Cyclone Melor quickly intensified, reaching typhoon strength before making landfall in the Northern Samar province of the Philippines on December 14 (JTWC, ECHO). By December 17, Melor had exited into the South China Sea and weakened to a tropical depression (JTWC/NASA).
As Typhoon Melor (known locally as Nona) tracked through the Luzon and Visayas regions, it made landfall five times from December 14 to 15 (ReliefWeb/NDRRMC SitRep No. 9). According to reports, the provincial government of Northern Samar declared a “state of calamity” due to “massive destruction” to agriculture and infrastructure caused by Typhoon Melor (ReliefWeb/Government of the Philippines). As of December 17, an estimated 75,500 people remain displaced by Melor, with 61,000 in evacuation centers (UN OCHA).
On December 16, Tropical Depression 29W (known locally as Onyok) moved into the Philippine Area of Responsibility, and has tracked westward toward the nation’s southern island of Mindanao. Though it is forecast to be short-lived, the tropical depression is expected to bring moderate to heavy rainfall and gusty winds as it passes through parts of northern Mindanao (NDRRMC SitRep No. 1, JTWC). As of December 17 (2100 UTC), 29W is located approximately 500 nautical miles east of Zamboanga, Philippines (JTWC Warning #5).
RVA Country Profile: The Philippines
This Week in Hazards
- While a slight decrease in rainfall was observed over the past week in parts of Eastern Africa, southern Kenya and Tanzania continued to receive above-average rainfall over some areas. Over the past 30 days, heavy rainfall in the region has persisted, and the trend is expected to continue over the next week, increasing the potential for river overflows and localized flooding (CPC). Reports indicate that increased rainfall in Kenya is exacerbating a cholera outbreak in the country’s largest refugee camp in Dadaab—as of December 17, more than 540 people in the camp have been affected by the water-borne disease (Reuters, MSF).
- Ongoing heavy rainfall over the last two weeks led to flooding and landslides across at least seven districts of Aceh, Indonesia (ECHO, BNPB). As of December 15, the local disaster management agency (BPBD) reports that the Aceh Barat District has been the most affected, with floods inundating 112 villages. According to an alert by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre), thousands of houses and hundreds of hectares of agriculture land have been significantly damaged by the widespread flooding (AHA Centre Flash Alert).
Current Hazard Warnings
Flood: Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina, India, Sri Lanka, Scotland, England, United States (Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Oregon, Midwest), Madagascar, Tanzania, Kenya, Indonesia
Winter Storm: United States (North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Washington, Oregon, Idaho)
Drought: Puerto Rico, Pacific Islands
Biomedical: West Africa
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