Flooding Continues in Five Countries in Asia
Tropical Cyclone Komen formed from a monsoonal storm on July 26 and directly affected Bangladesh, Myanmar, and India before it dissipated on August 2. According to reports from the Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)—a non-profit initiative of a consortium of Action Contre la Faim (ACF), Norwegian Refugee Council, and Save the Children International—the flooding and landslides continuing in Myanmar this week are “linked to Cyclone Komen.” The report also says that, as of August 10, these hazards have “affected around one million people and killed 99. Twelve out of 14 states and regions have been affected. Close to 200,000 people have been displaced” in Myanmar. Other sources cite higher numbers of displaced persons, and the numbers are almost certain to rise.
In India, according to the ACAPS Global Emergency Overview, “floods caused by protracted heavy rains have affected an estimated 10 million people.” The overview also says that the current disaster is “reported as the worst flooding in 200 years, [and] has displaced one million people.” The European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Organization (ECHO), in their August 11 Emergency Response Coordination release (ERCC), accessible on ReliefWeb, says the “heavy rains, floods, landslides, caused by the monsoon and Cyclone Komen [have] affected several areas of India, in particular Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, and Odisha.” ECHO predicted that, by today, “heavy rainfall may affect Madhya Pradesh” in central India, as well.
“Heavy monsoon rains and the passage of Cyclone Komen” across Bangladesh, according to ECHO, “caused damage and deaths, mostly in Chittagong.” It is expected that “more heavy rains may affect south-eastern and eastern areas” of the country.
Flooding in Vietnam, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos), and Pakistan are included in the ERCC report. “Heavy rains affected northern Vietnam since the end of July, causing floods and landslides, mostly in the province of Quang Ninh. At least 32 people were killed (17 in Quang Ninh) and approx. 8,000 houses were damaged.” Heavy rainfall continues in the affected areas.
“Floods affected many rural areas and towns in Bokeo, Borikhamxay, Khammuan, Luang Namtha and Xaysomboun provinces [of the Lao PDR] since August 2. Although water levels in many areas have receded, provincial authorities have issued a warning for riverside villages, particularly along the banks of the Mekong River, given that further heavy rainfall is predicted.”
Throughout this week, according to the ERCC, “Heavy rains continued affecting northern Pakistan, causing more floods. As of August 10, there were 182 dead, 124 injured, more than 12,000 damaged houses, and over 1.3 million people affected.” The affected areas of Pakistan were warned that isolated thunderstorms may continue through Friday.
RVA Country Profile: Myanmar
Last week we looked at the Vulnerability Index for the country of Myanmar (Burma), and discovered that the vulnerability level was quite high—No. 15 out of 172 countries, where a higher score indicates less susceptibility to the damaging effects of a hazard. (Hazard Highlights of 06 Aug.)
Since flooding continues and heavy rainfall remains in the forecast for at least several more days, we will look at Myanmar from another perspective: Lack of Resilience.
PDC continues to collaborate with the AHA Centre to assist with the flood response in Myanmar, through situational awareness and decision support products and information, made available to the international disaster response and humanitarian assistance community through the DisasterAWARE platform (PDC).
This Week in Hazards
- Having recently prepared for a possible impact of Hurricane Guillermo, Hawaii residents were again called on to be prepared this week as Hurricane Hilda threatened the island state. Guillermo weakened and veered north. Now, Hilda has also weakened to Tropical Depression status and turned south of the state. According to the latest bulletin from NOAA (Advisory 32), no watches or warning are in effect for land areas of Hawaii. However, above normal surf conditions were occurring on east and southeast facing shores of Maui and Hawaii island and rain associated with Hilda “could result in life-threatening flash floods and mud slides across portions of the Big Island into Saturday.”
- Today, August 13, the NOAA Climate-Watch online magazine released an update of the current El Niño, saying they are expecting that it “will peak in the late fall/early winter with 3-month-average sea surface temperatures in the Niño 3.4 region near or exceeding 2.0° C (3.6° F) above normal. If this forecast comes true, it will place the 2015 event among the strongest El Niños in the (admittedly short) 1950-2015 historical record.” Read the full story at Climate.gov where you will also find numerous other pages to help you understand the expected impacts of El Niño.
Current Hazard Warnings
Flood: Myanmar, Pakistan, North Korea, Guinea, Vietnam, Sudan, Burkina Faso, India, Lao PDR, U.S. (Mississippi Valley)
Storm: Peru, Chile
Wildfire: U.S. (Oregon, Washington, California)
Drought: North Korea, Caribbean Islands, Central America, U.S. (Western states, Arizona)
Extreme Temperature: Egypt, Eastern Europe, U.S. (Southern Plains and Mississippi Valley)
Biomedical: West Africa
For real-time information on current disasters download PDC’s free Disaster Alert mobile app available for your iOS or Android devices today! Also be sure to monitor PDC on Twitter, Facebook, and by accessing the Global Hazards Atlas.